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New Features in Java

Java, as a programming language, has seen several updates and new features over the years. Here are some of the recent features introduced in Java:

1. Records

Records were introduced in Java 14 as a preview feature and became a permanent feature in Java 16. They provide a compact way to declare classes that are transparent holders for shallowly immutable data. They automatically generate `equals()`, `hashCode()`, and `toString()` methods, making them handy for representing data.

2. Pattern Matching for instanceof (Preview)

Java 16 introduced pattern matching for the `instanceof` operator as a preview feature. This feature simplifies the process of extracting components from objects, making code more concise and readable.

3. Sealed Classes (Preview)

Sealed classes, also introduced as a preview feature in Java 15, offer more control over class inheritance. They restrict which other classes or interfaces may extend or implement them, enhancing code safety and maintainability.

4. Text Blocks

Java 13 introduced text blocks, a convenient way to write multiline strings without the need for escape sequences. This feature improves code readability when dealing with large blocks of text or embedded code snippets.

5. Records and Sealed Types Enhancements

Java 17 brought enhancements to records and sealed types, refining their functionality further and making them more versatile for various use cases.

6. Foreign Function & Memory API (Incubator)

The Foreign Function & Memory API, introduced in Java 16 as an incubator feature, provides a way to interoperate with native code and native memory in a safer and more efficient manner.

7. Pattern Matching for switch (Standard Feature)

Pattern matching for `switch` was introduced as a standard feature in Java 17. This feature simplifies code by allowing patterns in `case` labels, enabling developers to write more concise and expressive code.

8. JEPs (Java Enhancement Proposals)

Java Enhancement Proposals, or JEPs, continue to bring numerous enhancements to the Java ecosystem. Regular updates and improvements in Java are often introduced through these JEPs, addressing various aspects of the language, libraries, and virtual machine.

These features contribute to making Java more expressive, concise, and maintainable. It's important to stay updated with the latest Java versions to take advantage of these improvements in your projects.

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